The Pelham bit combines the function of a snaffle and the action of a curb bit. The top rein provides snaffle pressure to the tongue and corners of the mouth, while the bottom rein increases leverage and curb chain pressure. The mouthpiece is slightly curved to accommodate the tongue and creates even pressure on the bars of the mouth and the horse's tongue. The thicker mouthpiece is softer on the corners and the bars of the mouth and pressure created by the reins is spread over a larger surface area. The hard rubber mouthpiece offers a warmer and softer option to stainless steel.